What is Hay Fever or Allergic Rhinitis?

Hay fever or allergic rhinitis is an allergic reaction to various substances present in the surrounding environment. It is one of the most frequent and most common allergic reactions. This type of allergy is usually inherited from one of the parents. The statistics show that 50-90% of the people suffering from hay fever have a history of some sort within the family.

What causes hay fever?

The number one cause of hay fever is the pollens extant in the air. The organism reacts to the proteins extant in pollen. Hay fever is more frequent in the plain areas. It usually manifests itself during spring and disappears in autumn. It usually makes its debut after the age of three and even later around 23-25 years of age, having the tendency to disappear towards the age of 35-40. Approximately 5% of the world population is allergic to pollen, in one way or another. However, in the case of perennial allergic rhinitis, the symptoms last throughout the year and are caused by allergens such as dust, bugs, molds and pets.

Season allergy The type and the quantity of pollen vary a lot according to the region and the climatic conditions. The identification of the pollen type allows doctors to put a diagnosis and to identify the allergen. The various types of pollen have a different allergenicity, this property depending on the presence of certain substances like proteins or glycoproteins.

By taking into consideration the date of the hay fever symptom apparition, one can identify the allergen. In January the hazelnut is the number one cause of hay fever, in February the alder, hazelnut and poplar tree pollen grains are the enemies of allergic people, in March hay fever is caused by alder, hazelnut, poplar tree and turntable, in April by alder, birch, chestnut, oak, cypress, ash, poplar tree, willow, grasses, plantain, elm, lilac, rape and dandelion, in May hay fever is caused by birch, chestnut, hornbeam, oak, cypress, willow, grasses, dandelion, rye, barley, wheat and oatmeal, in June by chamomile, grasses, rape, dandelion, rye, corn, barley and watercress, in July by chamomile, grasses, rye, grass, dandelion, barley, oatmeal, corn and nettle, in August by ambrosia, grasses, rye, nettle and wormwood, in September by ambrosia, rye, grass, dandelion and corn and in October by rye, grass and corn.

Symptoms of hay fever

The most common symptoms of hay fever are sneezing, abundant tearing and blocked nose. Less frequent symptoms are abundant nasal secretion, loss of smelling capacity, headaches, persistent coughing and respiratory problems. Since hay fever is an allergic disease it is often associated with health problems such as asthma or eczema.

How to treat hay fever?

The anti-allergic medication is extremely varied. The treatment helps the prevention and the removal of symptoms. However, only a doctor is the only qualified person who can recommend the exact drug combination to be taken. There are mild drugs that can be successfully used in the treatment of mild allergic rhinitis. If the situation gets worse, it is better to consult an allergist in order to get an adequate treatment. There are tests that can be run in order to prove if you sensitive to pollen grains.

Specialists warn that the symptoms do not disappear, the moment the treatment is started. The nasal corticosteroids, for example, have an effect upon your allergy only after three or even seven days. In order to prevent a serious discomfort, patients are advised to take the proper medication in the week preceding the apparition of the pollen type they are allergic to. The treatment schemes vary according to the clinical picture and to the severity of symptoms. The specific immunotherapy is done before the allergic season.

There are several measures that an allergic person can take in order to avoid a major allergic reaction. Thus, allergic people should avoid massive exposure to the allergen and should take the prescribed medication. It is very difficult to avoid pollen grains since they are present almost everywhere. People suffering from hay fever should avoid noon walks, should use sunglasses and the air conditioner should be present in both their cars and homes.

Without proper medication, hay fever can cause sleepiness, tiredness and nervousness, all affecting the office and school work. This situation can even lead to serious allergic affections such as asthma, eczema, sinus infections, nasal polyps, conjunctivitis and ear infections.

Homemade remedies for Hay Fever

In order to reduce the discomfort caused by hay fever, one can combine the medication prescribed by the allergist with traditional homemade remedies.

A very effective remedy for hay fever is the plant tea. Thus, for the preparation of this amazing tea you need 40 grams of chamomile tea, 10 grams of sage leaves and 10 grams of lavender flowers. In order to obtain the best of results stir one teaspoon of this plant mix into a mug of hot water. People suffering from allergic asthma should drink two or three mugs a day for at least two weeks.

Hay fever can be treated with the help of a chamomile ointment. In order to prepare this home remedy you need: 2 drops of rose oil, 2 drops of chamomile oil, 1 drop of lavender oil, 20 ml of almond oil, half a spoon of beeswax, a spoon of Shea butter and one capsule of vitamin E. Take a clean recipient where you have to melt the beeswax, the Shea butter and the almond oil. After the resulting mixture cools down you have to add the essential oil and the vitamin E. The mixture is put into clean recipients, very well sealed. The ointment has to be applied on the chest, neck and nose.

Another popular home remedy against hay fever is the nut and red onion syrup. The ingredients you need are: the core of ten nuts and five medium red onions. They are put into a clean recipient and are boiled in a liter of water, until the liquid quantity halves. After the mixture cools down, you have to add floral honey and pour the resulting solution into a clean bottle. The syrup must be kept in the refrigerator. In order to reduce the symptoms of Hay fever the allergic person has to take a teaspoon of this syrup after each main meal. It is said that honey is extremely efficient in the treatment of hay fever, since the pollen grains extant in honey can reduce the sensitivity of the human organism towards pollen. The inclusion of honey in the daily diet can drastically reduce the symptoms of hay fever. Make sure you use local, organic honey in order to obtain the best results.

Vitamin C is natural antihistamine, which can be found in oranges, lemons and grapefruits. These citrus fruit also contain bioflavonoids which have a very powerful anti-allergic effect. The combination of vitamin C and bioflavonoids has a very strong anti-allergic effect. In order to reduce the hay fever symptoms an allergic person should take around 1000 mg of vitamin C per day.

The hot pepper contains an active element known as capsaicin. This substance has the ability to open the nasal cavities and reduced the congestion caused by hay fever. Therefore, it is advisable for pollen allergic people to include hot pepper into their daily menu.

The carotenoids are natural pigments extant in plants which act as very powerful antioxidants. They have the capacity to reduce the inflammation of respiratory ways and strengthen the immune system. The carotenoids can be found in foods like carrots, apricots, pumpkins, sweet potatoes and spinach.

The research done in the domain has proven that acupuncture can be extremely efficient in the treatment of the hay fever symptoms. People suffering from hay fever should attend at least six acupuncture sessions before the debut of the allergic season.

Although unpleasant, hay fever is not a health condition without remedy. It must not be treated with superficiality since it can lead to more serious health problems. Living your life in constant fear of pollen grains is not what you want.

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