Pollen allergy or the most common allergy of allAlthough pollen allergy do not affect life as dramatically as sun, water or even sport allergies they must not be treated with superficiality. It is not very pleasant to spend your life constantly trying to avoid flowers, blooming trees or dusty rooms. Pollen and allergies go hand in hand for many people, and as a result the number of those who dread spring is constantly on a rise.
What is pollen allergy?The allergy to pollen is a type of seasonal rhinitis. The pollen allergy symptoms include blocked nose, continuous sneezing and even respiratory problems. People who have developed an allergy to pollen are sensitive to dust as well.
The types of pollen grains that usually are the main factors of pollen allergies are those produced by plants which do not have flowers, like trees, grasses and weeds. The pollen of these plats can be easily spread from here to there by gusts of wind. Plants that produce great amounts of pollen are the number one cause of allergic rhinitis and other respiratory problems.
The chemical composition of this tiny grain is the element that determines its ability to trigger allergic reactions like hay fever. On the North American continent, weeds are the ones that are responsible for the majority of pollen allergic reactions. The number one enemy of allergic people is ragweed but other plants like sagebrush, plantain, tumbleweed are also dreaded by sensitive people. Other sources of allergens are the various types of grasses and trees. However, not all of them are a threat for the well-being of allergic people. Thus the most dangerous are the redtop grass, the timothy grass, the vernal grass, the ash, the cedar and the oak. Few people are allergic to pollen produced by plants with big, colorful flower. This is due to the fact that the pollen grains of these plants are too heavy and therefore it falls on the ground and rarely does it float into the air.
It cannot be explained precisely why certain people are allergic to pollen. Scientists believe that these allergies are genetically transmitted. Even if only one parent is allergic the child gets a chance in four to develop an allergy as well. Another cause can be the prolonged contact with the allergen when the organism is weak, as it happens during the puberty or during pregnancy. People that are allergic to pollen are bound to develop an allergy to molds and dust as well.
Symptoms of pollen allergyIt is impossible to continuously avoid the media where you are exposed to allergens since they can be found everywhere. This allergy type is really difficult to handle by people affected by it. Thus, the patients' immune system has an exaggerate reaction towards the inhaled pollen grains. The invisible particles enter through the nostrils than they go through the pharynx, larynx and trachea causing a series of problems and discomfort.
The pollen allergies manifest themselves in a variety of ways depending a lot on patient's organism. Thus, the blocked nose, the sneezing, eyes itching and respiratory problems and even migraines appear immediately if you are allergic to it. Posterior rhinitis (the watery secretion flow backwards towards the throat) and nasal pruritus are also quite common. Other symptoms of pollen allergy may include rhinorrhea, nose, eyes and throat irritation, eyelid inflammation coughing, suffocation, and at times even asthma crises.
Pollen allergy has its debut in childhood, usually after the age of three and can affect a person's life for decades. They usually have a seasonal evolution with duration from three to six months. More than 50% of the people suffering from rhinitis end up developing an asthmatic reaction to pollen grains. This condition starts with a dry cough followed by wheezing and even to suffocation in the most severe cases.
You should know that there are two different types of allergic rhinitis: Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis also known as Hay Fever and the Perennial Allergic Rhinitis. The Season Rhinitis manifests itself during the flowering period of certain types of plants.
Tips for people suffering of pollen allergyTotal avoidance of pollen is almost impossible since plants are present almost everywhere. Plus, this represents an extreme solution with temporary effect. People with this allergy type need an environment that is permanently aired and clean. The air conditioner and air filtering devices for houses and cars are extremely useful in this situation.
It is better to avoid getting out in the morning and immediately after lunch because these are the periods when the allergens are most present in the atmosphere. People suffering from pollen allergy have to wash their hair when they come in from a stroll in the park so as to remove all the dust and pollen grains that might cause an allergic reaction. It is also advisable to change the street clothes when newly washed and ironed ones. Street shoes must also be put in a wardrobe or a closet in order to avoid the inhalation of the dust on the shoe soles.
If you are allergic to pollen in plants than it is better to avoid the places where the allergens feel at home, like unaired rooms filled with cigarette smoke, art galleries where the varnish might trigger an allergic reaction or prolonged visits into the countryside where dust can affect your health.
Pollen allergy remediesPeople that are allergic to pollen in plants can follow a medical treatment in order to eliminate this sensitivity. Nasal sprays and antihistamines are the best treatments, but you have to ask for a doctor's advice before using them. Sometimes it is necessary to associate the antihistamines with inhaled corticosteroids and if the allergic reaction is an extremely severe one it is necessary to orally administrate the corticosteroids to the patient. An allergy testing it is also advisable.
Doctors also recommend immunotherapy as a pollen allergy remedy. It consists in the administration of vaccines. This treatment method has the purpose to desensitize the organism by exposing it to certain amounts of allergen. Thus, the organism gets accustomed with the respective allergen. After three or four years the patient becomes immune to the respective allergen. However, this therapy has its limitations since it can be applied only to patients that doctors know exactly the cause of the allergic reaction.
There are also natural remedies for this type of allergy. Some of them are really effective. Thus nasal irrigation with salty water is absolutely necessary and has to be done on a daily basis in order to reestablish the nasal watery secretions and to free the sinuses. Steam baths and infusions can be very effective in the treatment of pollen allergies. Mouth gargle with salty water has good results, especially if done in the evening before going to bed.
Natural pollen allergy remedies also include apple vinegar. Every morning you have to take a teaspoon of apple vinegar diluted in a half filled mug of water. The black caraway oil is also very effective in the treatment of pollen allergies. The etheric oils present in this plant balance the immune system. In order to get the desired results you have to take the caraway capsules three times a day for three months in a raw. You can also try aromatherapy before going to bed. You will get rid immediately of the sneezing and of the blocked nose. The irritation sensation which is one of the typical symptoms of pollen allergy will disappear as well.
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