Bee venomThe bee venom is a secretion product of worker bees. It is stored in the venom bag and eliminated into the exterior environment when the bee stings. The stinging is in fact only a self-dense reflex.
The venom secretion is influenced by the age of the bee, its food and season. It has been discovered recently hatched bees do not have venom. When a bee is six days of age it has in its venom bag around 0.15 mg of venom and at 15-20 days of age, around 0.30 mg. of venom.
Bees which grow up without pollen and thus, without proteins do not produce venom. The bee generations that grow up in spring time, when there are many pollen resources, produce more venom than the ones brought up in summer or autumn. Once used, the venom reserve does not regenerate itself and the bee dies.
The therapeutic properties of bee venom are known for a very long time. In ancient times it was used to cure various disease and health problems. Beekeepers realized that painful rheumatic joints became painless due to bee stings. Thus, it has been discovered that the bee venom can fight rheumatic pains.
The bee venom has the following composition: formic acid, hydrochloric acid, orthophosphoric acid, minerals, volatile organic acids, a very important ferment (phosphatase), some antibiotics, histamine, hyaluronidase and amino acids with a high sulfuric composition. The cysteine found in bee venom, stimulates the cortisone secretion. The bee venom also kills bacteria.
However, it is important to keep in mind that 2% of the world's population has an allergic reaction to bee and wasp stings. People that are allergic to bee venom have severe allergic reactions even after only one sting: the stung region swallows, edemas appear on the sting spot, mental confusion and respiratory problems might occur.
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