The pollen

The pollen (the world comes from the Latin word pollen) is a yellow powder, made of microscopic granules, which come from the anthers of the stamens. The pollen is also defined as being a yellow powder produced by the stamens of the phanerogams, the male reproductive cells of plants. The pollen and the honey are the only food resources that have 22 different types of nutrients. For this reason, pollen is considered a complete food.

History of pollen usage

The pollen is among the oldest food supplements used by human beings. The benefits of pollen were intuited by various civilizations and religions. The ancient Egyptians and Chinese were using pollen as a medicine and as factor for rejuvenating the organism. Hippocrates considered that pollen assured a good health to those who consumed it and also prevented the abrupt ageing and degradation of the human organism. The Druids, the priests of the Celts, called Britain- the Island of Honey. The Gaelic legends contain numerous references to honey and pollen. The pollen is mentioned in the Holy Bible, the Talmud and the Coram. Unfortunately the healing properties of pollen were forgotten by the modern world. Nowadays, the pollen is an important part of apitherapy (a type of alternative medicine, which is growing more and more popular). The ones that practice this type of therapy claim that the pollen has numerous therapeutic qualities, even though there are not many scientific proofs in this respect.

Bee pollen granules The bee pollen is made of the following substances: vitamins (pro vitamin A, vitamin A, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, vitamins C, D, E, F, H, K, PP and folic acid), minerals (calcium, phosphorus, potassium, iron, copper, zinc, sulfur, sodium, chlorine, magnesium, molybdenum, selenium, bromine, silicon and titan), amino acids, carbohydrates, fatty acids, enzymes, co-enzymes and various fats. The pollen is composed of 22 amino acids, 18 vitamins, 25 minerals, 59 essential elements, 11 enzymes and co-enzymes, 14 fatty acids, 11 carbohydrates and approximately 25% of its composition is made of proteins. The pollen is extremely rich in beta-carotene, which represents the metabolic precursor of vitamin A. Furthermore, it has a rich complex of vitamin B, as well as vitamin C, D, E and lecithin. The pollen has with 50% more proteins than beef meat, but it has a very low level of fats. It is an excellent source of proteins for vegetarians, since it contains more amino acids than eggs, meat and any kind of diary product. The pollen consumption assures the quantity of minerals that is necessary for the human organism. It provides even those minerals which cannot be found in the food supplements available in pharmacies.

Usage of polen for medical purposes

Pollen pills The pollen supporters claim that it has a miraculous force to rejuvenate and strengthen the human organism. Due to its antioxidant properties, the pollen strengthens the immune system. The antioxidants are used to deactivate the free radicals extant in out organism. The free radicals are secondary products of oxygen which are harmful for the cells of our body and are the cause of numerous degenerative diseases connected with the ageing process.
It is claimed that the pollen reduces the negative effects of the pollution and radiations extant in the surrounding environment. The pollen is often used by athletes to increase their stamina, energy and speed. It is also used in many losing weight diets, in order to correct a possible chemical disequilibrium that might be the cause of an abnormal weight gain. The pollen determines the calories burn, by stimulating the metabolism.
It also helps to get rid of food cravings. Moreover, the studies and the researches in the domain, pointed out that this miraculous substance can be used to treat impotence. There are people who claim that pollen is a genuine source of health for cancer patients, because it relives the pains caused by chemotherapy. It is also used to treat prostate and ulcer. However, modern medicine challenges the curative properties of pollen.

Other usages of pollen

Believe it or not, but pollen is very useful in police investigations. It can indicate where a certain person or object was, since the pollen has different characteristics from one region to another. For example, there are murderers, who were caught, due to the traces of pollen discovered on their coats.

Pollen Allergy

Unfortunately there are many people who are allergic to pollen. Therefore, it is advisable to see if you are allergic to it, before starting to use it or any other product that contains this food supplement. The signs and symptoms of pollen allergy are not very different from the ones belonging to other allergies. The symptoms are: sneezing, running nose, uncomfortable itching in the eyes, nose or throat area.

Where does pollen come from?

The plants and flowers appeared for the first time on Earth more than 150 million years ago. This was an extremely important event in the history of our planet, since nutrition of most creation started to be based on plants, fruit and vegetables. Their development was a pre-condition to the evolution of the human being. Fruit and vegetables are essential for the survival of mammals. In other words, without plants, flowers and bees, human cannot evolve.

From the very beginning, plants, flowers and bees formed a symbolic partnership. Among them was created a relation of mutual support. The pollen contributes to plant reproduction. The flowers produce pollen in order to fertilize other flowers. For this to happen it is necessary for the pollen to travel from one flower to another. How does this happen? As everybody, knows the honey bees are the ones that carry out the whole work. When the bees land on a flower, the pollination occurs. This simple act, takes place over and over again and it represent the force that resumes the life cycle of our planet, each spring. It is the genesis of the food chain.

Beekeeping with oilseed rapeseed It is obvious that this an enormous favor done to the plants, but what are the bees' benefits? The bees collect pollen for its proteins. The life span of a working bee is approximately 7-8 weeks. The bees work enormously in a very short period of time. They need a highly caloric diet in order to satisfy all their nutritious needs. Both honey and pollen are used by bees as food. The pollen is used to feed the young baby bees, thus determining the population increase within the hive. In spring, when the bees start to gather pollen they give a signal to their queen that she may start laying the eggs. Taking into consideration that pollination brings benefits to both bees and flowers, this relationship is called symbiosis.

The development of all plants and animals was influenced by evolution. There are many species of plants on earth. All these are in a permanent combat for space and sunlight. The plants and the flowers compete among themselves for the services of the bees. The flowering capacity attracts bees, and this has a direct influence over the plant reproduction process. If the bees are more interested in a plant, this will occupy a larger space and it will become the dominant plant in that region. Even though bees collect pollen from all the flowers, they still favor certain types of pollen. The flowers with the most nutritious pollen attract the most bees. The plants that have a less nutritious pollen are forced to fight for their survival.

The bees collect the flower pollen by shaking the antennas or by smashing it into their mandible. O load of pollen has among 5-7 mg. The profitability of pollen gathering is influenced by humidity, atmospheric temperature, the internal needs of the colony and active factors (flavor, pollen content and the presence of nectar).
The pollen defines the origin of the honey and it is used as a source of food for both people and bees.

It is very rich in vitamins, especially in the ones belonging to the B complex (B1, B2, B3, B6, B12), antioxidants, vitamin C and vitamin E, folic acid and pro vitamin A. The most important minerals (but not the only ones) that can be found in the pollen composition are: calcium, phosphorus, potassium, iron, magnesium and iodine. The pollen has the following composition: 55% carbohydrates, 35% proteins, 3% vitamins and minerals, 2% fatty acids and 5% other nutritious substances. It has a low content of fats even though it has more proteins than beef meat.

It is an excellent source of proteins for vegetarians because it is very rich in essential amino acids. Considering the analysis of its nutrients, it is not an exaggeration to claim that pollen is the most complete natural nutrient. Thirty grams of pollen have 28 calories. Out of these thirty grams, 7 are carbohydrates, 15% lecithin and 25% proteins of the finest quality. The pollen must not be mistaken by bee, bee venom or other products of the same type. They do not contain pollen.

The pollen also has in its composition a substance called anevrina, which is very important for the good functioning of the nervous system. Moreover, the pollen stimulates the food appetite, enables digestion, improves the muscle tone, removes stress and fatigue, and prevents rickets and hair loss.

The pollen appears to be a safe remedy, even though specialists are reserved when it comes to prescribe it for a certain illness. It stimulates the organism functions but its efficiency in treating certain disease has not been proved yet. Specialists do not recommend pollen usage to those people that know for sure they are allergic to it. Actually they advise to avoid using it.

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