Acute Bee Paralysis VirusThe Acute Bee Paralysis Virus is a viral disease that causes lots of damages and loses to apiaries located on all continents. The paralysis is a disease that affects the adult bee and in the majority of cases determined by filterable type viruses. The chronic bee paralysis virus together with the acute bee paralysis virus is considered to be the causative agents of bee paralysis. There are experts who believe that the disease can be triggered by other factors such as: ingestion of pollen that comes from laurel, buttercup, basswood or rhododendron, lack of pollen supplies in spring when the bee brood has to be reared and ingestion of pollen grains that have been subjected to a process of fermentation.
The virus is spread inside the honey house by means of the bee saliva and infested food. Bee families infested with Varroa Jacobsoni are more prone to develop acute paralysis.
SymptomsHoney bees that are infested with Acute Bee Paralysis Virus cannot control their body tremble and they are also incapable of flight. They look dark and shiny because the disease causes hair loss. In case of serious infestation one might find many dying bees at the entrance of the hive. The healthy individuals try to drive away from the hive the infested ones. The infested bees retreat on top bars and die there having their wings extended. The bees belonging to the Apis Mellifera genre are usually affected by this disease. It affects the bumblebees as well.
Treatment and preventionThere is not medical treatment for a colony affected by acute bee paralysis virus. Thus, for saving bees it is better to prevent any virus infestation. All hives should be in perfect state and they must be kept clean. Bee families have to be protected by fungi and mites, especially from the Varroa Mite which is believed to be one of the causative agents of the Acute Bee Paralysis.
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